In the framework of the EU-funded, ISTC-managed Targeted Initiative Export Control on Dual Use Materials and Technologies in Central Asia model guidelines for Internal Compliance Programs came into existence. The proposal for their elaboration arouse as an outcome from a series of European Commission-sponsored workshops and discussions that explored the challenges of strategic trade controls in the effort to prevent the illicit or accidental transfer of goods, materials, technology, or know-how in breach of established international export control regimes. A major conclusion from these brainstorming sessions was the need to engage multiple communities in this effort. National governments fulfil central normative role through the adoption and enforcement of relevant laws and regulations, but other stakeholders have also important role to play, particularly the industry, academia, and the research communities.
Kazakhstan already had normative framework for ICPs in the nuclear sector, but the guidelines needed to be updated to reflect changes in the national legislation. The Nuclear Technology Safety Center (NTSC) elaborated a project proposal to that effect which was approved for funding by the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) and received financing from the European Commission – Service for Foreign Policy Instruments (FPI). The project had multiple objectives: first, to conduct a survey of ICP practice in other countries; second, to revise and update the Kazakh ICP for the nuclear industry; and third, to produce model guidelines that could be adapted to any country and any sector (chemical, biological and radiological).
Model ICP Guidelines were developed by leading experts of the Nuclear Technology Safety Center - Tamara Prokhodtseva, Tamara Tazhibayeva, Murat Jumagulov, Anna Kulsartova, and others. Across the document the authors refer to Internal Compliance Program (ICP), cognizant that elsewhere other equivalent terms may be in use, including: Export Control Program (ECP), Export Management and Compliance Programme (EMCP), and Export Management System (EMS). In addition to the Model Guidelines, the publication also comprises an Appendices that contain examples from various sectors, and a summary of how ICPs are managed in Japan, the U.S., and the EU.
The full text of the publication can be found at: ICP_Models
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.